Date of Award

12-2013

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Legacy Department

Electrical Engineering

Advisor

Dr. Edward R. Collins

Committee Member

Dr. Michael Bridgwood

Committee Member

Dr. Keith Corzine

Committee Member

Dr. Richard Groff

Committee Member

Dr. Todd Hubing

Committee Member

Dr. Nikolaos Rigas

Abstract

This dissertation explores the design and analysis of a Hybrid Method of performing electrical power system fault ride-through evaluations on multi-megawatt, medium voltage power conversion equipment. Fault ride-through evaluations on such equipment are needed in order to verify and validate full scale designs prior to being implemented in the field. Ultimately, these evaluations will help in reducing the deployment risks associated with bringing new technologies into the marketplace. This is especially true for renewable energy and utility scale energy storage systems, where a significant amount of attention in recent years has focused on their ever increasing role in power system security and stability. The Hybrid Method couples two existing technologies together - a reactive voltage divider network and a power electronic variable voltage source - in order to overcome the inherent limitation of both methods, namely the short circuit duty required for implementation. This work provides the background of this limitation with respect to the existing technologies and demonstrates that the Hybrid Method can minimize the fault duty required for fault evaluations. The physical system, control objectives, and operation cycle of the Hybrid Method are analyzed with respect to the overall objective of reducing the fault duty of the system. A vector controller is designed to incorporate the time variant nature of the Hybrid Method operation cycle, limit the fault current seen by the power electronic variable voltage source, and provide regulation of the voltage at the point of common coupling with the device being evaluated. In order to verify the operation of both the Hybrid Method physical system and vector controller, a controller hardware-in-the-loop experiment is created in order to simulate the physical system in real-time against the prototype implementation of the vector controller. The physical system is simulated in a Real Time Digital Simulator and is controlled with the Hybrid Method vector controller implemented on a National Instruments FPGA. In order to evaluate the complete performance of the Hybrid Method, both a synchronous generator and a doubly-fed induction generator are modeled as the device under test in the simulations of the physical system. Finally, the results of the controller hardware-in-the-loop experiments are presented which demonstrate that the Hybrid Method is a viable solution to performing fault ride-through evaluations on multi-megawatt, medium voltage power conversion equipment.

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